If you have a website you must ensure that it is secure. You would be following certain practices and you may have website security software to protect your website from malware and hackers. This blog will guide you through the best practices in website security. While there are plenty of guides, this article will provide a comprehensive view of tips to improve your website security.
1. Software Update
You would probably be updating your software, however, you must ensure regular and prompt updates for the server operating system, the applications, and the website security software. Though performing updates for your webserver requires time and resources (including testing) it must be regularly performed. Unpatched software is exploited by hackers through zero-day exploits. Most websites get compromised due to unpatched or outdated software. If you use Content Management Systems such as WordPress, you must ensure that you immediately update your CMS as they become available. You must make use of automated alerts about update availability, as it may not be possible to regularly check for the availability of updates manually. According to best practices in #, you should use a patch management system.
2. Separate Database Server
Experts recommend maintaining separate web servers and database servers for better website security. Though the cost may be prohibitive for small organizations, it does make sense when you have to handle customer credentials and other data.
3. Avoid Hosting Multiple Websites on a Single Server
You can host multiple websites on a single server. Though it saves you considerable capital investment, web security experts do not recommend this practice. A server with a single content management system (CMS) such as WordPress or Joomla will provide a single theme and a couple of plugins that can be targeted. However, multiple websites translate into multiple CMS and plugins that can be targeted. A successful breach of a single website may allow the infection to spread to other websites hosted on the same server.
4. Password Policy
Define a strong password policy and assert the importance of policy adherence to all users. Recommend a minimum of 14 character length passwords, with a mix of alphabets, numerals and special characters. Do not use dictionary words or personally relatable information such as date of birth, phone numbers or vehicle numbers. If the system permits use pass-phrases. Do not reuse passwords. Password managers are useful, however, there is a mixed verdict regarding its security. Change ALL default passwords, and do not share them.
5. User Access Control
According to best practices in website security be stringent about providing access and permissions. Provide access and the necessary permissions only when required. Monitor user activity and logs for rogue behavior. Always use separate user accounts as it would allow you to track activity.
6. Backup Policy
Ensure regular backups to a different location – preferably the cloud. Do not store the backup on the same webserver. Data stored in digital form is at risk and could be lost. Backup data will help restore uncorrupted data in case of #.
7. CMS Solution Management
Most users continue to use the default settings and passwords due to convenience. However, this is a vulnerability. Automated attacks try to exploit default settings and passwords.
CMSs offer numerous extensions, add-ons, and plug-ins. Some are third-party offerings, and some are paid or free. Extensions make work easier, however, always use extensions that are necessary and download them only from legitimate sources.
8. SSL for eCommerce Website
An SSL certificate will encrypt communication, secure sensitive information shared by website visitors, prevent Man-in-the-Middle attacks, and showcase the authenticity of your website. And if you are an eCom merchant you need it for PCI compliance.
9. Configuration File Security
Typically there are three types of webservers – Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft IIS servers. You must know the implications of the rules set in the webserver configuration files. You must protect the webserver configuration file and other sensitive files.
10. Website Security Application
Manual monitoring to ensure website security is impossible. According to the best practices in website security, you must use a Web Security Solution, such as the Comodo cWatch Web, that will #, servers and applications for malware and vulnerabilities; and detect and prevent malware threats, zero-day vulnerabilities, DDoS attacks, and brute-force attacks.
Over the last few weeks, as I have been talking with customers, it is becoming more and more obvious that the information customers have been given related to the moving of their Applications into the Cloud is getting very muddy. The most common term that Microsoft, Amazon, and Google like to throw around is “App Modernization” which does make a lot of sense and has an appeal, but it does not truly give you all the information that you need to determine how you should think about moving your specific application into the Cloud and what the different options are.
In this blog post, I want to talk about the four terms that truly cover the majority of the options and how you should think about them when considering them for your applications:
Cloud Native Application Development
Please be aware that this is just a conceptual discussion to help you determine what might be the best approach for you to consider when thinking about moving your Application into the Cloud. It is not meant to be a complete detailed walk-through of all possible options or services that you might need to learn.
This first one is pretty straight forward in that you are taking your application and moving it as-is into the Cloud. Most people consider this to be a “Lift and Shift” motion which typically implies that you will be moving the application into Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) which is not always the most cost effective path nor does it provide any improvements with respect to administrative efficiencies. This is certainly a possibility and perfectly valid if it will be more comfortable for your staff that will be managing and maintaining the application(s) after migration.
However, when migrating an application into the Cloud, most customers prefer to take advantage of services that can provide cost cutting measures as well as those that can provide improvements with respect to the management and maintenance of the application’s architecture. For example, wouldn’t it be easier if your team didn’t have to worry about the patching and updates to the Operating System or Database software that are required to run your application? These are feature that you will typically find when leveraging Platform as a Service (PaaS) services within the major Cloud providers that can host your applications.
You might be reading this and looking at the list above and be asking yourself if I am not describing to you an Application Modernization effort with respect to your application moving into the Cloud. You would be correct, but only for the architecture, not for the application itself. By taking advantage of these PaaS services you are truly only migrating the application without making any changes, but you are still seeing some improvements in different areas. This level of Application Migration is just a starting point and one that all customers should consider when starting their Cloud journey.
Let’s take this a step further and take the same application but make some improvements to it to take advantage of some Cloud Native services that will provide better Monitoring/Logging, better Security, or even better Performance for your application by making some minor modernization changes to your code base.
The first place that I typically like to start is from the security perspective. Most applications require some level of configuration and/or integration connectivity such as to a database, storage location, or messaging service. When working with any of these types of services, there is usually a very private and secure connection string or key that is required to make that connectivity work properly. This type of information is something that you do not want to hard-code into either your code or configuration file.
When deploying your application to a Cloud environment you should try to store these keys, connection strings, passwords, and other secure pieces of configuration data within a secure service of some kind. Both Microsoft and Amazon provide what is known as a Key Vault or Service where you can store, secrets, certificates, and keys that can then be leveraged throughout your applications and data storage services with only a few lines of codes in the worst scenarios and in a directly integrated way in some other easier scenarios.
Another type of modernization that could be easily considered on day one when moving your application into the Cloud is around Monitoring/Logging. All of the PaaS services that you will use to publish your code to have their own Logging and Monitoring capabilities, but that will not be application specific. What if you need some level of Application Performance Monitoring (APM)? In that instance, both Microsoft and Amazon have ways that you can add a few lines of code in different areas of your application and have that produce monitoring metrics for how your application is performing and then display that information either within the Cloud Provider’s portal or be made available as log files that you can consume in your own tools and/or engines.
These are just a couple of examples of how you could modernize your application as your move into a Cloud environment and these are just some of the easy ones. There are definitely some other examples that would require a lot more work. This also assumes that you application and its relevant code and possibly database are supported within the Cloud provider of your choice and this is something that you will need to research before moving forward.
There are is a lot of hype around containers today, but most customers do not have any idea where to get started and the thought of trying to deploy into a Kubernetes cluster can be quite daunting. It just so happens that it really doesn’t have to be that big of a worry. Most of the Cloud providers today provide one or more mechanisms for publishing a container as you would any other application without having to take on the extra complexity of deploying to a container orchestration engine like Kubernetes, OpenShift or other such solutions.
With this approach, you are looking at your application in much the same you do in the Migration approach mentioned above. The difference is, you no longer need to worry about whether or not your code will work in the particular PaaS environment that the Cloud vendor provides. As long as you can create a container that matches what your environment looks like today without worrying about the OS or other specific VM configurations, then you can publish your application and make it available to your user base.
The hardest part of this approach is learning how to create Docker images which will then get published as containers within the different Cloud providers and this will require you learning the Docker command line tools in combination with the DockerFile format. The DockerFile format is what defines how the container should be displayed to the engine that will be publishing it and making it available through some type of endpoint. The great thing is that once you learn these tools, you will be able to not only create your own images/containers, but you will be able to automate the process through CI/CD pipelines any of the popular DevOps tools.
Once you are ready to attack this approach, all you have to do is create a container image that most closely matches your production environment today and then make sure that your code is pulled into that image. Once the image has been created, it will need to be published into a Container registry such as DockerHub, Amazon’s Elastic Container Registry or Microsoft’s Azure Container Registry. Once in a registry, the image can be published as a container in one of a number of different container engines that are not considered container orchestration engines such as Amazon’s Elastic Container Service or Microsoft’s Azure Container Server or App Service and these services will display your container as an endpoint within their service.
NOTE: Each Cloud provider makes this possible in different ways, so please make sure to read up on them before starting down this path.
Cloud Native Application Development
If you really want to take advantage of all that the Cloud can provide for your applications, then developing the application to use Cloud Native services would be the last and final approach. Be aware though that this approach will require the most amount of development or customization to your application and probably a complete re-architecture. It will require you to learn about certain technologies that you might not be familiar with, but would replace certain portions of your application in a great way. Here are just some of the examples that you might want to think about:
Replacing Full Text Search with a Cloud based Search Index
Rewriting REST APIs as Serverless Functions
Implementing Event based Programming for Backend Processes
Removing direct Protocol connectivity between areas of your Application and Implementing a Cloud Messaging service to provide better performance
Taking advantage of out of the box Artificial Intelligence Services that can provide new functionality to your Application
Each Cloud provider have their own versions of these types of functionality and many others that you might find useful as well, but be aware that once you decide to go down this route that you will be locked into that particular Cloud provider for hosting and supporting your application. That is one of the few disadvantages of the Cloud Native approach.
GitHub is an open-source, cloud-based Git repository hosting service that offers a web-based graphical interface.
It can be an excellent platform for expanding your networks and building a personal brand as a web developer. It also comes with flexible project management tools to help organizations adapt to any team, project, or workflow.
GitHub offers a free plan with unlimited repositories and collaborators and 500 MB of storage space.
To get GitHub’s additional features, like advanced auditing and access to GitHub Codespaces, you’ll need to purchase one of its paid plans.
GitHub Copilot. An AI-driven tool that suggests code completions and functions based on your coding pattern. It also auto-fills repetitive code and enables unit tests for your projects.
Pull requests and code review. With GitHub, you can assign up to 10 people to work on a specific issue or pull request. This makes tracking the progress of a project more manageable.
Codespaces. Includes everything you might need to create a repository, including a text editor, bug tracking tools, and Git commands. It’s accessible through Visual Studio Code or other browser-based editors.
Automation. With GitHub, you can automate tasks such as CI/CD, testing, project management, and onboarding.
Vast integration options. Extend GitHub’s functionality with various third-party web apps available on the GitHub Marketplace. Many integrations, like Zenhub, AzurePipelines, and Stale, are exclusive to GitHub users.
Mobile support. GitHub’s mobile app is available for iOS and Android, enabling users to manage their projects on the go.
Extensive security features. It features a code scanning tool to identify security flaws and a security audit log to track the actions of team members.Also, GitHub is SOC 1 and SOC 2 compliant.
User management tools. Set different levels of access and permissions to your account and resources for different contributors.
Command-line knowledge. Prior command-line experience is necessary to use GitHub efficiently.
Pricing. Its subscription price is quite high when compared to competitors.
Chrome Developer Tools are a set of web editing and debugging tools built into the Google Chrome browser.
Local overrides. Save any changes you’ve made to any web page on your local computer and automatically override its data.
Lighthouse. A tool to perform audits on web pages and auto-generate reports based on performance, accessibility, progressive web apps (PWA), and SEO. This allows users to identify areas of improvement and take action accordingly.
Web design features. Web designers can check various web page designs and layout changes with its Inspect Element tool. Use its interactive Color Picker to grab colors from any website element and switch between color modes.
Profiling tools. View memory usage of a web page with Chrome Task Manager. It is often used to identify memory leaks or bloat that can slow down a site’s performance.
Built-in security features. They verify the authenticity of a web page by enabling users to view a site’s SSL certificate and TLS status.
Device mode. Test your website design’s responsiveness, modify device performance, and limit network speed.
Steep learning curve. Less experienced users will need time to explore all the development tools available and learn how to use them.
Limited code editing capabilities. It doesn’t provide a way for web developers to write or modify source code directly.
Sublime Text is the best option for beginners who have just started learning how to code. It’s an all-in-one text editor for code, markup, and prose.
It’s lightweight yet still offers the advanced features you’d expect from a great text editor. For example, developers can enable simultaneous editing to control multiple cursors and edit several lines of code at once.
This code editor can be downloaded for free, but you’ll need a license to use it. Sublime Text licenses cost $99 for personal use and $65/year for business use.
Goto Anything. Enables users to quickly switch between files and functions.
Minimap. Displays the density and shape of the code to users. This is helpful when editing lengthy code.
Python API. Using the Python API, users can install external plugins to extend the functionality of Sublime Text.
Multiple selections. Users can find, change, rename, and manipulate multiple code lines.
Cross-platform functionality. Its single software license runs on any computer and operating system.
Lack of indexing capabilities. Unfortunately, users can’t index files without slowing down the code editor’s performance.
Incessant payment pop-ups. Users can’t disable the continuous pop-up that prompts them to purchase or update their licenses.
Marvel is one of the best wireframing tools to quickly and easily design different projects. This web-based collaborative design platform offers robust prototyping and user testing features.
Because of its user-friendly interface, web developers and designers of all levels can use Marvel to create high-quality mockups and design specifications for their web applications in no time.
In addition to a free plan that comes with limited features, Marvel offers three premium plans. Pro at $12/month, Team at $42/month, and Enterprise, which is available upon request. This wireframing tool is also offered at a discounted rate for non-profits and students.
Developer handoff. This tool automatically generates CSS, Swift, and Android XML code for elements and packages them into a shareable URL.
User testing. Collect feedback from your stakeholders and target audience by recording their screen, audio, and video as they use your prototype.
Integrations. If you’re looking to expand Marvel’s design capabilities, the platform supports integrations with popular social media apps like YouTube, and project management and productivity apps like Dropbox, Microsoft Teams, and Jira.
Customizable templates. Choose from hundreds of drag-and-drop templates to create wireframes for popular device types.
No offline version. Since Marvel is a web-based app, users can’t use it without an internet connection.
Lack of animation features. Some users have expressed concerns about Marvel’s limited capabilities for creating animations, which hinder their ability to create dynamic prototypes.
Visual Studio Code is an open-source code editor that runs on Windows, Linux, and macOS. It includes built-in features such as syntax highlighting, auto-complete, and Git commands to make coding faster and easier.
In addition to a built-in terminal and debugger, it supports code analysis tools and software integrations with other powerful web development tools like Git, PHP CS Fixer, and ESLint.
Visual Studio Code is completely free to use. You can download the Insiders version to access the tool’s latest releases and new features. It’s also possible to install both versions and use them together or independently.
A huge library of extensions. There are various themes and plugins available within its marketplace.
User interface customization. The Visual Studio code editor is customizable, allowing you to debug the code with breakpoints, call stacks, and an interactive console.
Command Palette function. Makes it easy for users to find different commands and operations. For example, typing in Python will show all commands for this language.
IntelliSense. It provides code suggestions based on variables, syntax, and the programming language in use.
Syntax highlighting. It displays code in different colors and fonts depending on the keywords and coding language.
Git integration. Users can perform several Git commands like commit, pull, and push. It also displays a color indicator when changes are made to the Git repository.
Split view. Enables you to work on two projects at the same time.
Stability issues with plugins. Users have reported that VS Code often crashes when installing or running multiple plugins simultaneously.
Resource-heavy. This web development tool takes up a lot of disk space which may cause the system to slow down.
Using npm packages simplifies the development process as developers don’t have to write new code for each functionality that their project requires.
The free version of npm includes unlimited public packages. However, if you want to enhance its functionality, there are also two paid plans available, Pro for $7/month with unlimited packages and Team for $7/month with team-based management options.
Security auditing features. It detects security flaws in your project and generates an assessment report.
Repository. npm is a repository for open-source projects, so developers can share their source code with other users. Some of the packages available in the npm repository include Angular, jQuery, and React.
Collaboration features. Its Team plan allows users to control team permissions and integrate workflows.
Dependencies issues. Issues may arise if people don’t manage their dependency versions actively.
Decreased performance. Many developers reported that adding dependencies makes the package installation process slower, disrupting the workflow.
Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets (Saas) is one of the most popular preprocessors for the CSS framework. CSS developers mostly use it to add more logical syntax to a CSS site, such as variables, nested rules, and loops.
This web development tool is also great for making websites because it lets you change colors, fonts, and other user interface elements. Moreover, Sass facilitates easy design sharing within and across projects, allowing seamless project management.
Built-in frameworks. Get easy access to powerful authoring frameworks like Bourbon, Compass, and Susy.
Beginner-friendly. This web development tool is easy to configure and doesn’t have a steep learning curve.
Great reputation and large community support. Saas is widely used by leading tech companies. It also has a large community and responsive support for resolving bug issues and releasing improvements.
LibSass. Implements Saas in C/C++ to allow easy integration with different languages.
Slow performance when handling large files. Users may experience occasional brief freezes or slow loading times, especially when dealing with bigger files.
Longer compilation time. Compiling Sass code requires users to install Ruby or LibSass.
Bootstrap is a widely-used front-end development framework for creating responsive web applications.
Customizable. Web developers can customize Bootstrap with built-in variables, CSS variables, color systems, Sass files, and more options.
Responsive features. Using predefined HTML and CSS components, Bootstrap automatically resizes images based on the users’ screen size.
Grid system. Bootstrap’s predefined grid system saves you the hassle of creating one from scratch. Instead of entering media queries in the CSS file, you can make a grid within an existing one.
Browser compatibility. Bootstrap is compatible with all modern browsers. Making your site accessible across browsers helps reduce the bounce rate and improves search ranking.
Comprehensive documentation.Bootstrap’s documentation page provides detailed guides on using the tool and its features. Users can also copy and modify the code samples in the documentation for their projects.
Uniform design. As Bootstrap has a consistent visual style, it requires a lot of customization to make your projects stand out. Otherwise, every website built with this framework will share the same structure and design.
Large file sizes. WhileBootstrap lets you build responsive sites easily, it produces large files, resulting in slower loading times and battery drain.
Web developers can use Grunt to implement coding style guides throughout the code base of their project to ensure consistency and readability. It also has linting and image optimization capabilities.
Grunt’s code, which is released under the MIT license, can be downloaded from its official website and is also available for free on GitHub.
npm integration. Users can easily add and publish their Grunt plugins on npm.
Highly customizable. It enables developers to create, extend, and modify custom tasks to meet their specific requirements. Each task also has its own configurable settings.
Compatibility issues. Minimal compatibility with older versions.
Delay in plugin updates. Users will have to wait to access updated npm packages on Grunt.
Ruby on Rails is a popular full-stack framework for building reliable web apps quickly.
This framework can be used for server-side development, such as managing servers’ databases and files. On the client side, it can be used to render HTML and update web pages in real time.
For that reason, it has become one of the most popular web technologies for eCommerce businesses and startups when developing desktop and web applications.
Automated testing tool. Enables users to test code without installing third-party tools or external plugins.
Built-in libraries. Offers free and open-source packages called RubyGems. Download a gem to extend the functionality of your web app.
Integration with front-end frameworks. It is compatible with popular front-end frameworks like Angular, React, and Vue.js.
Data protection. Features a default security protection against several types of cyber attacks. This is especially useful when creating an eCommerce site that requires you to secure sensitive information like payment and customer data.
Active community. It is backed by a community that actively resolves issues and makes continuous improvements to ease development.
Initially a Google Chrome extension, Postman has now become one of the top application programming interface (API) testing tools. It provides an easy way for web developers to build, test, share, and modify APIs.
It offers several built-in features for API monitoring, debugging, and running requests to make working with APIs easier. There are also shared workspaces for better collaboration.
As for pricing, Postman offers a free version with basic functionality. There are also three paid plans available, offering more advanced features.
Basic includes 30-day collection recovery and a single custom domain for $12/month per user, billed annually. Professional offers single sign-on (SAML) and basic roles and permissions for $29/month per user, billed annually.
Enterprise comes with domain capturing and analytics tools for $99/month per user, billed annually.
Collaboration features. Tools like team discovery, commenting, and workspace improve team collaboration.
API monitoring and reporting features. Visualize API data through reports, including testing, documentation, and monitoring. The reports also enable users to monitor performance and service-level agreement (SLA) compliance.
Desktop interface. It’s easy to navigate and lets users easily manage their APIs and see other members’ tasks on the workspace.
API governance. Identifies inconsistency and security issues during API design and testing, enabling users to develop more secure and high-quality projects.
CI/CD integration. Postman’s Newman feature enables users to integrate their APIs with popular code deployment pipeline tools such as Bamboo, Jenkins, and TeamCity. It also lets users upload files and create custom reports.
API documentation tools. Allows for the automatic creation of professional API documentation that can be shared either publicly or exclusively with your team members. With good documentation, customers will be able to use and integrate your API effectively.
Limited sharing capabilities on the free version. Its free plan only allows API sharing for up to three users.
No reusable code. It’s not a great option for code management since it doesn’t let users reuse code.
Docker is an open-source tool for deploying applications inside virtual containers. Using Docker containers allows developers to quickly deploy and scale applications across multiple environments.
That’s because it combines the application’s source code with the libraries and dependencies required to run it.
Docker offers a free plan with unlimited public repositories and three paid plans. Pro includes advanced productivity features for $5/month, while Team comes with advanced collaboration features for $7/month per user.
The Business plan offers centralized management and advanced security capabilities for $21/month per user.
Container development. Docker offers container versioning, an automated container builder, and reusable container templates. It also has an open-source repository of user-made containers.
Wide community. Docker has thousands of active contributors on developer websites like StackOverflow, as well as a community forum and a dedicated Slack channel.
Portability. One of Docker’s greatest strengths is its portability. It enables users to create or install a complex application on a machine and know that it will function properly.
Automation. Users can easily automate their work using cron jobs and Docker containers. Automation allows developers to avoid time-consuming and repetitive tasks.
Potential security risks. Due to Docker’s reliance on the host OS, malicious code within containers has the potential to spread to the host.
Slow performance. Running an app via Docker may be faster than using a virtual machine, but it is still slower than running an app directly on a physical server.
Using Docker on VPS will help you have more control over your server and its resources.
Kubernetes (K8s) is an open-source container orchestration platform for deploying, scaling, and managing modern web applications. It organizes the application containers into logical units for easy discovery and management.
The platform offers features to help users deliver applications consistently and easily transfer workloads. To prevent a total outage, it is constantly deploying and monitoring changes to your application and its configuration.
Portability. Kubernetes can run on various infrastructures, including on-premises data centers or public, private, and hybrid cloud.
Configuration management. Kubernetes Secrets stores sensitive data such as authentication tokens, SSH keys, and passwords. Moreover, it allows users to build and update secrets without rebuilding container images and exposing secrets in stack configurations.
Automatic bin packing. Provides automatic scaling of each container based on custom metrics and resources available.
Service discovery and load balancing. It automatically exposes containers with their own DNS names and IP addresses. It also enables load balancing when there are traffic surges to maintain stability.
Self-monitoring. Kubernetes performs health checks of your applications to prevent potential issues.
Storage orchestration. It mounts your chosen storage system to decrease latency and improve the user experience.
Self-healing capabilities. Optimizes the performance of your applications by monitoring and replacing unhealthy containers.
Steep learning curve. Kubernetes is difficult to learn, even for experienced developers. To use it effectively, you’ll need to have basic knowledge of container orchestration and cloud computing.
Limited and expensive human resources. There are not many professionals listed on platforms like Fiverr. Also, hiring Kubernetes professionals can be costly for small to medium-sized companies.
Sketch is one of the best web development tools for designing pixel-perfect graphics. It includes a robust vector-based design toolkit that makes it easy to create all kinds of interfaces and prototypes.
Sketch includes the ability to export presets and code, non-destructive vector editing, integration with hundreds of plugins, prototyping, and collaborative tools.
Sketch has two premium plans, Standard at $9/month per editor or $99/year per editor. Both offer unlimited free viewers, which developers can use to inspect the design.
There is also a Business plan for teams of 25+ editors, with prices available upon request. Those who want to try Sketch before committing to a paid plan can do so with a 30-day free trial.
Co-editing. Enables web designers and web developers to work together on the same project in real time.
Powerful extensions. It offers several third-party plugins and integrations to enhance its functionality and simplify your development workflow.
Various design tools. Sketch simplifies mockup creation by providing intuitive drag-and-drop features like Sketch Symbols for creating reusable design components and Smart Guides for accurate alignment.
Developer handoff. Developers can use this feature to copy design style values and export assets.
Data linking features. It enables users to import data from text files into mockups.
Exclusive for macOS. The drawback of this web design tool is that it only supports macOS, which limits cross-platform collaboration.
Lack of prototyping features. Sketch only allows users to develop a basic prototype. To create prototypes with advanced animations and functions, they’ll need to find additional tools in its plugin library.
NGINX is an open-source web server software that can act as a load balancer, HTTP cache, and reserve proxy.
Its ability to handle multiple connections at high speed makes it ideal for developing resource-intensive websites.
Over 110 million sites worldwide use NGINX Plus and NGINX Open Source to safely and quickly distribute their content. Some popular sites that use it include LinkedIn, Netflix, and Pinterest.
NGINX’s configurable settings make it easy to fine-tune the server to your needs. It supports multiple protocols, SSL/TLS encryption, basic HTTP authentication, load balancing, and URL rewriting.
Low memory consumption. As NGINX handles requests asynchronously, it doesn’t take up a lot of memory.
Great resources. There is a lot of documentation about how to use NGINX, such as eBooks, webinars, glossaries, and video tutorials.
Built-in security features. NGINX security controls include rate-limiting, which protects your server from DDoS attacks by reducing users’ requests. It restricts them by granting or denying access based on IP addresses.
Mobile development. Users can create an app for both Android and iOS simultaneously.
Hot reload. A feature that lets developers make changes to the code and view them in real time. This enables a faster development process as it streamlines the testing and review processes.
Variety of widgets. It offers various custom widgets for developing a fully functioning application. There are also two design-specific widgets available, Cupertino Design for iOS and Material Components.
Responsiveness. Your app will adjust to various screen sizes thanks to Flutter’s declarative nature and layout system. Responsiveness is one of the most important aspects when designing a mobile-friendly site.
Large file sizes. One of Flutter’s drawbacks is that its apps are typically larger than native ones.
Dart knowledge. To use the tool effectively, users must be familiar with Dart.
Angular is a front-end web development application framework for creating a wide range of apps, including single-page applications (SPAs), progressive web applications (PWAs), and large enterprise apps.
Written in Typescript, it helps web developers write consistent and cleaner code.
With its wide variety of UI components, web designers can quickly build dynamic web applications. In addition, it has a two-way data binding function that lets users modify the application’s data via the user interface.
Angular is a framework that can work effectively with a variety of back-end languages while also combining business logic and UI.
Custom directives. Enhances functionality in HTML and CSS to build dynamic web applications.
Various modules. Performing unit tests is easy, thanks to the framework’s well-organized modules and components.
Support progressive web applications (PWA). Angular-based web apps are compatible with both Android and iOS platforms.
Two-way data binding. Enables singular behavior for the app, which minimizes risks of possible errors.
Powerful CLI. Angular CLI simplifies the developer’s job by providing a set of useful coding tools. Users can also add third-party libraries to solve complex software issues.
RxJS. Provides an effective way to share data, reducing the number of resources needed.
Integration with code editors and IDE. Get access to intelligent code completion, in-line error checking, and feedback directly from your preferred code editor or IDE.
Dependency injection (DI). This feature splits an application into a group of components to be injected into one another as dependencies.
Limited SEO capabilities. One of the biggest drawbacks is its use of client-side rendering by default, which can make crawling and indexing Angular-based sites more difficult for search engines.
Limited CLI documentation. Even though the command line is a key part of Angular, there isn’t much information about it on GitHub. Developers need to spend extra time exploring threads to get answers.
Vue.js is a front-end development tool to help developers build web applications and mobile apps with ease.
Programmers can also use Vue.js to create clickable prototypes. With its data-binding features, it can handle a lot of animations, graphics, and interactive elements.
Through its GitHub repository, it offers web-based development tools for bug fixing. It also includes an HTML-based template for updating the DOM with Vue information, which simplifies the task of creating a user interface.
Declarative rendering. Provides the ability to manage HTML already rendered by the server.
Reusable components. Users can generate reusable code templates for future projects.
Animation features. Offers a huge library of transition and animation effects. Moreover, users can easily add third-party animation libraries to make the interface more interactive.
Computed Properties. Monitors changes to UI elements and performs the necessary calculations without coding.
Lightweight. Vue.js scripts don’t take up a lot of storage space and have fast performance.
Limited amount of plugins. It might be hard to find plugins for Vue.js. This typically leads developers to switch to different frameworks.
Weak support to mobile platforms. Vue.js apps can have issues when running on older iOS and Safari browsers.
Laravel is an open-source web application framework that enables PHP developers to create everything from single-page websites to enterprise-level applications.
It has an impressive set of tools, including a template engine and a task scheduler to help developers avoid tedious web development tasks.
With a robust control container and a flexible migration system, along with integrated unit testing support, Laravel allows developers to build any type of web application. It also offers multiple bundles for a modular packaging system and its dependencies, facilitating code reuse.
Built-in Object-relational Mapper (ORM). It allows web developers to query database tables using a simple PHP syntax without writing any SQL code.
Enhanced security. Laravel provides users with enterprise-level security features to help fix security problems and speed up the debugging process.
Variety of resources and packages. It’s compatible with other web app frameworks like React and Vue.js. Users can also add packages from Yarn and Node Package Manager.
Template engine. It has a templating engine called Blade that allows you to build unique layouts. The layout can be used in other views, so the design and structure are consistent throughout the development process.
Supports Model-View-Controller (MVC). This feature helps manage your projects efficiently to improve the application’s performance, security, and scalability.
Built-in libraries. Over 20 pre-installed libraries are available to extend your app’s functionality. For example, Laravel Cashier offers features for processing coupons, changing subscription formats, and generating PDF invoices.
Task Scheduling. It lets users schedule and manage tasks with cron jobs.
Problems with certain updates. Some users experience lagging after updates.
Limited support. Users will have to turn to the Laravel community for help if they face any issues.